Cities >> Aswan
Aswan is situated at the south end of the section of the Nile plied by the cruise fleets, and just upriver is the First Cataract, the old Aswan Dam, and further, the High Dam. Aswan used to be the border-trading city for Egypt and adjoining Nubia, and the rest of southern Africa and a high percentage of Aswan's population are of Nubian descent. It still represents a major commerce centre, and some very pungent spices from the south can be obtained in the bazaars here.
To get the feel of Aswan, there is no better way than to take a horse-drawn carriage (negotiate the fare beforehand, and stipulate "No baksheesh"!) from your cruise boat to the Old Cataract Hotel, where Agatha Christie wrote "Death on the Nile". Here, have tea (or something stronger!) on the Terrace, which overlooks the Nile. A magnificent old colonial hotel!
Also at Aswan is the Nilometer, where the Pharaoh's officials measured the annual flood and set that year's tax level. On the West Bank, the Aga Khan's Mausoleum may be visited, and there is a museum and temple on Elephantine Island in the middle of the Nile. Of the nearby temples, Philae in the middle of the lake between the dams is most often visited by organized tours, and is another venue for evening Son et Lumiere presentations. Also included in most cruise itineraries is a visit to the "Unfinished Obelisk", which would have been the largest ever erected if it hadn't cracked before it was fully quarried. As it was abandoned in mid-excavation, it provides the opportunity to see the Ancient Egyptian quarrying technique.
Monuments in or near Aswan
Aga Khan Mausoleum
St. Simeon's Monastery
the Tombs of the Nobles
It was one of the most powerful forts or Egyptian’s southern borders.on the island there are the relics of stone temples of various eras including the temple of khunm.
It is a huge obelisk incompletely carved about 41 meters high and more than 1150 tons weight it owes its importance to the fact that it shows the techniques the ancient Egyptians used in carving obelisk.
Dating to roman period, it shows the height of the Nile floods in Greek, demonic and Arabic languages, and was used until very recently.
Kitchen er island
It lies in the mild-stream near elephantine island. it is a natural exhibition of exotic plants and trees important from all over the world, the best place for spending leisure time relaxing in expansive shades.
Agha khan mausoleum
It features a typical architecture of the fatimid style.agha khan was the late leader of the ismailia sect, who preferred to spend winter every year in Aswan s mausoleum is masterpiece of Arab architecture.
The monastery os st.simeon
It dates from the 6th century AD it is one of the most intact Coptic monasteries of old standing. It includes a church, whose frescos are still extant representing Jesus Christ and the saints.
This temple was dedicated to goddess Isis. It was over flooded by the Nile. Philae temple was dismantled and reassembled in anew site on Agilika Island about 500 km from its former site on philae island.
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Pyramisa Isis Island http://www.pyramisaegypt.com/pyramisaisisisland/location.asp
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