Cities >> Cairo
Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest of Egyptians cities in Africa in terms of area and population. the area around it are considered to be the heart of Egypt, and one may find almost every aspect of Egypt represented in the area, it is a melting pot where antiquities of pharaonic dynasties,graeco-roman civilization, Christian and Islamic landmarks co-exist. Cairo offers an incredible selection of shopping, leisure, culture and nightlife. Shopping ranges from the famous Khan el-Khalili souk, (or bazaar) largely unchanged since the 14th century, to modern air-conditioned centers displaying the latest fashions. All the bounty of the East is here - particularly good buys are spices, perfumes, gold, silver, carpets, brass and copperware, leatherwork, glass, ceramics and mashrabiya. Try some of the famous street markets, like Wekala al-Balah, for fabrics, including Egyptian cotton, the Tentmakers Bazaar for appliqué-work, and Mohammed Ali Street for musical instruments and, although you probably won't want to buy, the Camel Market makes a fascinating trip. Cairo invites you to come and enjoy its beautiful all-your weather, and visit the immortal monuments and relices, especially the ancient pyramids in giza.
The Egyptian Antiquities Museum (Cairo)
It’s the largest of Egyptians antiquities museums all over the world. It houses around 250.000 antique pieces covering the whole history of ancient Egypt. It is comprised of many sections arranged in chronological order:
- The first section houses Tutankhamen's treasures.
- The second section houses the pre-dynasty and the Old Kingdom monuments.
- The third section houses the first intermediate period and the Middle Kingdom monuments.
- The fourth section houses the monuments of the Modern Kingdom.
- The fifth section houses the monuments of the late period and the Greek and Roman periods.
- The sixth section houses coins and papyrus.
- The seventh section houses sarcophagi and scarabs.
The Coptic Museum(Cairo)
Situated in old Cairo. It houses a rare collection of the first Christian relics, architectural remains, textiles, icons and old manuscripts. The museum reveal the splendor of old Coptic art which considered a transitory style between pharaonic and Islamic arts.
Carriage Museum (Cairo)
Located within the Citadel, the Carriage Museum is housed in the building once used as the British Officers' Mess during the colonial period. It has a collection of eight carriages.
The Pharaonic Village (Jacob Island)
Take a step back in time, about three thousand years back, it’s a panorama reflecting aspects of ancient Egyptians life. Just a few miles from the center of Cairo is a time machine waiting to take you on a fantastic journey to the days of the Pharaohs, a time brought to life by an incredible group of actors and actresses, faithful and exact reproductions of buildings, clothing, and lifestyles.
The Step Pyramid of Djoser (Saqqara)
saqqara is the ancient site of Memphis city, its lies on desert plateau, southwest of Cairo, above rises the step-pyramid and mortuary compound, by Imhotep for king zoser,the first of the III dynasty pharaohs circa 2780 BC.the pyramids is composed of six receding mastabas on top of other.
The Great Pyramid of Cheops (Giza)
On the west bank of the Nile facing and on top of Giza situated the great pyramid built by king cheops (IVdynasty), circa 2690 BC. The ancient Egyptian’s aim in building the pyramids was that they should serve as sepulchers for their pharaohs to preserve their bodies, for they believed in resurrection and immortality. Close to the pyramids lie three small pyramids dedicated to his wives or family member.
How the Great Pyramid was built? is a question that may never be answered. Herodotus said that it would have taken 30 years and 100,000 slaves to have built it.
The Great Sphinx (Giza)
The Great Sphinx is to the northeast of Chefren's Valley Temple. Where it sits was once a quarry. Chephren's workers shaped the stone into the lion and gave it their king's face over 4,500 years ago.
The Pyramids of Dhashur (Dhashur)
Located in South Saqqara stand the pyramids of Dhashur (Dahshur). The Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid are about 2 km south of the Mastaba Faraoun. The constructor of these pyramids is thought to have been Snofru (2575 - 2551 BC).
The Pyramid of Chephren (Giza)
The Pyramid of Chephren, often called the "Second Pyramid", is built next to the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops).its interior is simple, with two entrances on the north side. it hade an exterior covering of fine-grain limestone. Chephren is the son and successor of Khufu and Hensuten.
The Pyramid of Teti (Saqqara)
Teti was the founder of the 6th Dynasty (2345-2181 BC). His pyramid was discovered in 1853 by Mariette, but it is mostly a pile of rubble in constant danger of being covered by the sand.
The Pyramid of Unas (Saqqara)
Unas (c. 2356 - 2323 BC) was the last king of the Fifth Dynasty. The pyramid dedicated to this king lies to the south of the Step Pyramid. its walls are inscribed with what is known now by ”pyramids texts” and whose ceiling is decorated with stars that seems to sparkle above the royal mummy.
Three Minor Pyramids (Giza)
To the south of the Pyramid of Menkaure', lies three smaller and incomplete pyramids. The largest was probably built for Menkaure's principal wife. A granite sarcophagus was recovered from the central tomb which contained the bones of a young woman.
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